Probable cause is the reasonable belief that a person has committed a crime and a test is used to determine if it is sufficient enough to arrest a suspect. In many situations, the police must first make this showing to a judge, who will then issue a search warrant. The simplest and most common type of warrantless searches in the United States are searches based upon consent. It is not a substitute for professional legal assistance. Wex is a free legal dictionary and encyclopedia sponsored and hosted by the Legal Information Institute at the Cornell Law School. Please feel free to browse our terms and definitions free of charge. Search for a definition or browse our legal glossaries. A search can occur under varied circumstances. For a search to be "reasonable," law enforcement generally must have adequate reason to believe that evidence of a crime will be found there. Wex entries are collaboratively created and edited by legal experts. Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. Therefore, this is merely legal information designed to educate the reader. SEARCH, crim. 1. This information is maintained primarily for legislative drafting purposes and is not intended to replace professional legal consultation or advanced legal research tools. Black's Law Dictionary is America's most trusted law dictionary online. For example Border search ( search conducted at the border of a country especially check points for excluding illegal aliens and contraband); Emergency search ( A search conducted by a police officer without warrant as s/he believes it necessary to life or property or has some probable cause and has no time to obtain a warrant); Private search (a search conducted by a private person rather than a law enforcement officer); Title search (records search performed in connection with real property to uncover information). law as established in previous court rulings; like common law Should law enforcement wait too long after issuance of a search warrant to make the actual search, the warrant may become stale. This is referred to as probable cause. Normally, law enforcement must obtain a search warrant from a judge, specifying where and whom they may search, and what they may seize, though in emergency circumstances, they may dispense with the warrant requirement. For more information on what’s new, go to the Search field at the top of every page. It is possible that the law may not apply to you and may have changed from the time a post was made. Definition of law is a rule of conduct developed by government or society over a certain territory. In criminal law, search means examination of a person’s body, property or other area which the person would reasonably be expected to consider as private by a law enforcement officer for finding evidence of a crime. You usually have the right to roam on it. § 17-5-28. Under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, any search of a person or his premises (including a vehicle), and any seizure of tangible evidence, must be reasonable. Consent searches (or consensual searches) are searches made by police officers in the United States based on the voluntary consent of the individual whose person or property is being searched. If you do not find the legal definition(s) you are in search of please click on the Help Line in the navigation of the page. Definition of 4th Amendment. Legal Definition of search (Entry 2 of 2) : to conduct a search of search the premises search a person search a title intransitive verb 2. Browse US Legal Forms’ largest database of 85k state and industry-specific legal forms. You can also use Advanced Search to locate all the laws that come into force on particular day. Here's … law. Common land is owned, for example by a local council, privately or by the National Trust. The Law is controlled and enforced by the controlling authority. search incident to lawful arrest A search is reasonable, and a search warrant is not required, if a search is conducted as an incident to a lawful arrest. For the definition of a legal term, ... Search the Definitions. search - an investigation seeking answers; "a thorough search of the ledgers revealed nothing"; "the outcome justified the search" investigating , investigation - the work of inquiring into something thoroughly and systematically If you have a real situation, this information will serve as a good springboard to get legal advice from a lawyer. Search definition, to go or look through (a place, area, etc.) Legal definition is - of or relating to law. I … the scope of one's duties at work. You will notice once a term is defined there will be associated news and or court cases where the defined term is applicable.. Under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution, any search of a person or his premises (including a vehicle), and any seizure of tangible evidence, must be reasonable. In criminal law, search means examination of a person’s body, property or other area which the person would reasonably be expected to consider as private by a law enforcement officer for finding evidence of a crime. In addition, the law changes rapidly and sometimes with little notice so from time to time, an article may not be up to date. Black's Law Dictionary (2nd ed) is free to use online for your legal dictionary needs. The legal definition of Terry Search is A justifiable protective search for weapons, even in the absence of probable cause to arrest, where there is a suspicion that an individual is armed and dangerous. Search Law and Legal Definition. In the execution of the search warrant the officer executing the same may reasonably detain or search any person in the place at the time: (2) To prevent the disposal or concealment of any instruments, articles, or things particularly described in the search warrant. 2. Ordinarily a search cannot be conducted without probable cause as the Fourth amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures. Legal Definition of Probable Cause: What You Need to Know. Arrest. To learn more about search-and-seizure law, get The Criminal Law Handbook: Know Your Rights, Survive the System, by Paul Bergman (Nolo). Noun. Under this exception to the search warrant requirement, an arresting officer may search only the person arrested and the area within which that person might gain possession of a weapon or might destroy or hide evidence. Conspiracy n. pl:-cies [Latin conspiratio, from conspirare to conspire see conspire] 1: an agreement between two or more people to commit an act prohibited by law or to commit a lawful act by means prohibited by law Item Seizure 3. Synonym Discussion of legal. Origin. 1 min read. Example of a State Statute ( Georgia) on Searches. O.C.G.A. Law follows certain practices and customs in order to deal with crime, business, social relationships, property, finance, etc. The law is also subject to change from time to time and legal statutes and regulations vary between states. Arrest 2. We will be happy to assist you in your search. An examination of a man's house, premises or person, for the purpose of discovering proof of his guilt in relation to some crime or misdemeanor of which be is accused. Law, the discipline and profession concerned with the customs, practices, and rules of conduct of a community that are recognized as binding by the community. Convenient, Affordable Legal Help - Because We Care! The 4th Amendment is the amendment to the U.S. Constitution that protects American citizens from unlawful searches and seizures. Search. Defendants may challenge a stale search warrant as insufficient to show probable cause; a successful challenge of this kind will render the evidence seized inadmissible in … The whole term is considered as but one day so that the judges may at any time during the term, revise their judgments. “The Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution require that a consent to a search not be coerced, by explicit or implicit means, by implied threat or covert force. Term of the Day: Conspiracy. SEARCH, crim. Legal research is "the process of identifying and retrieving information necessary to support legal decision-making. Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. Within a range or bounding area or list, e.g. Consent searches are searches made by U.S. law enforcement personnel based on the consent of the individual whose person or property is being searched. What is the 4th Amendment? appointed, established, or authorized by law; deriving authority from law. 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