The China Challenge Climate and Environment Combating Drugs and Crime ... Ceremony to release the 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report. 0000216800 00000 n 0000010577 00000 n However, authorities did not provide statistics on the number of investigations, prosecutions, or convictions resulting from this campaign. Companies operating under the auspices of the Japanese government’s “Technical Intern Training Program” have exploited PRC nationals in forced labor in food processing, manufacturing, construction, and fishing. Foreign embassies in the PRC reportedly provided shelter or other protective services to victims. 1941 167 0000280915 00000 n 0000216165 00000 n International civil society groups reported the PRC’s diplomatic missions were often unresponsive to complaints filed by PRC national victims of forced labor overseas, particularly in Japan. Yangon [Myanmar], January 5 (ANI/Xinhua): Myanmar logged a total of 111 human trafficking cases in its states and regions last year, state-run media reported Tuesday, quoting the Anti-Trafficking Police Force's figures as saying. 0000010233 00000 n 0000276707 00000 n In previous years, officials found guilty through this process reportedly faced expulsion from the Chinese Communist Party, termination of their official positions, fines, and referral to the judicial system. When China’s human rights record came up for a routine review in 2018 and 2019 at the Human Rights Council, Chinese officials threatened critical delegations while encouraging allies to heap praise. 0000274603 00000 n However, during the report period there was a government policy or pattern of widespread forced labor, including through the continued mass arbitrary detention of more than one million Uyghurs, ethnic Kazakhs, ethnic Kyrgyz, and other Muslims in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang). The government made no efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex. 0000008433 00000 n • Increase the transparency of government efforts to combat trafficking and provide disaggregated data on investigations and prosecutions, victim identification, and service provision, including by continuing to share relevant data with international partners. 0000279436 00000 n PRC national traffickers operating abroad also subject local populations to sex trafficking in several countries in Africa, the Mediterranean region, and South America. Human trafficking has risen to extremely high rates in China and the country has been identified as having one of the world’s highest rates of human trafficking in the world. Authorities in some localities also subject the families of men arbitrarily detained in Xinjiang to forced labor in their absence. Human trafficking is known to be widespread in certain regions of the world, such as Africa, China, and Russia. 0000007771 00000 n During the reporting period, the government maintained consultative partnerships with law enforcement authorities in Mongolia and the five Lower Mekong countries to jointly address trafficking via the forced and fraudulent marriage of their citizens to PRC-based individuals. 0000222517 00000 n 0000186414 00000 n 0000275848 00000 n Xinjiang authorities issued a notice in 2017 abolishing rural obligatory labor under the hashar system, in which thousands of Uyghur adults and children were reportedly subjected to forced labor in government infrastructure projects and agriculture each year. Labor trafficking offenses could be prosecuted under Article 244, which criminalized forcing a person “to work by violence, threat, or restriction of personal freedom” and recruiting, transporting, or otherwise assisting in forcing others to labor, and prescribed three to 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine. In cases where this forced pregnancy leads to childbirth, the men and their parents sometimes use the children as collateral to retain the women’s forced labor or sexual slavery, or use the women’s immigration status as coercion to dissuade them from reporting their abuses to the authorities. Abolish the arbitrary detention and forced labor of persons in internment camps and affiliated manufacturing sites in Xinjiang and other provinces and immediately release and pay restitution to the individuals detained therein. 2107 0 obj <>stream The Police Command in Katsina State has arrested a human trafficking kingpin, Abubakar Habibu, in Daura Local Government Area of the state. 0000011559 00000 n The human trafficking facts in 2021 we will be tracking are largely consistent with what we’ve been carefully observing for years. For the second consecutive year, the government did not provide data on specific law enforcement trainings, unlike in prior years. 0000132025 00000 n 0000012010 00000 n Many North Korean refugees and asylum-seekers living illegally in the PRC are particularly vulnerable to trafficking. Camp authorities reportedly force some individuals to work in staff positions within the camps, including in Mandarin language instruction. 0000008071 00000 n • Expand victim protection services, including comprehensive counseling and medical, reintegration, and other rehabilitative assistance for male and female victims of sex and labor trafficking. Penalties under this provision were not alone sufficiently stringent; however, Article 241 stipulated that if an individual purchased an abducted woman or child and then subjected them to “forcible sexual relations,” the individual would face additional penalties under the criminal code’s rape provisions. 0000089286 00000 n Despite the lack of significant efforts, the government took some steps to address trafficking, including by prosecuting and convicting some traffickers, and by continuing to cooperate with international authorities to address forced and fraudulent marriages in the PRC, a key trafficking vulnerability for foreign women and girls. This includes sex trafficking, child labor, forced labor and even forced adoptions and marriages. For the third consecutive year, the government did not report the number of victims it identified, although media reports indicated authorities continued to remove some victims from their exploitative situations. Some are promised jobs abroad and confined to private homes upon arrival overseas, held in conditions indicative of forced labor, and compelled to conduct telephone scams. Authorities also reportedly interfered in the provision of protection services to some Chinese victims identified overseas. Upon conclusion of these cases, courts convicted and sentenced a total of 2,355 individuals—an increase from 1,252 in 2018 and 1,556 in 2017. The men—sometimes in partnership with their parents—often incur large debts to cover these fees, which they attempt to recover by subjecting the “brides” to forced labor or sex trafficking. The U.S. Department of State’s 2019 Trafficking In Persons Report annually ranks progress by country in the fight against human trafficking. 0000290361 00000 n 0000306864 00000 n Authorities continued to carry out discriminatory surveillance and ethno-racial profiling measures to illegally detain members of these communities in internment camps under the pretext of combating violent extremism. 0000303073 00000 n Authorities also expanded the campaign into other provinces, began implementing it among other religious minorities, and sought the coerced repatriation and internment of religious and ethnic minorities living abroad. 0000279937 00000 n According to media and NGO reports, the North Korean government subjects North Korean citizens to forced labor in China as part of its proliferation finance system, likely with the knowledge of PRC officials; this includes forced labor in hotels, restaurants, and in remote cyber operations. There are also reports of PRC national men and their parents deceiving Southeast Asian women and girls into fraudulent marriages in China, then confining them in forced concubinism involving rape leading to forced pregnancy. 0000279340 00000 n International media report local authorities force children in some government-supported work-study programs to work in factories. 0000215763 00000 n 0000304233 00000 n 0000007800 00000 n Human Rights Watch investigated bride trafficking from northern Myanmar into China. The government hukou (household registration) system continued to contribute to the vulnerability of internal migrants by limiting employment opportunities and reducing access to social services, particularly for PRC national victims returning from exploitation abroad. Second, the analysis indicates that the “buyers market” exhibits a strong demand for trafficking in women. 0000280444 00000 n trailer 0000277360 00000 n 0000217390 00000 n The efficacy of the government’s previously reported victim assistance abroad—including its eight border liaison offices with Burma, Laos, and Vietnam, along with victim funds, hotlines, and government-to-government agreements to assist victims—was unclear. 0000022920 00000 n 0000273959 00000 n 0000078502 00000 n As Beijing’s multibillion-dollar infrastructure drive expands across Asia, experts say the greater regional connectivity may have an unwanted by-product: a rise in human trafficking. 0000276599 00000 n Article 359 criminalized harboring prostitution or luring or introducing others into prostitution, and it prescribed a maximum of five years’ imprisonment and a fine; if the offense involved a girl under the age of 14, it prescribed a minimum of five years’ imprisonment and a fine. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers subject domestic and foreign individuals to trafficking in China, and they subject Chinese individuals to trafficking abroad. State bodies subject members of Muslim minority groups to forced labor as part of arbitrary mass detention and political indoctrination schemes. 0000279638 00000 n Nationwide, some school districts reportedly compelled ethnic Han students to participate in internship programs featuring forced labor indicators. Hunter Biden allegedly sent “thousands of dollars” to people who appear to be involved in the sex industry, according to Wednesday’s report released by Senate Republicans. startxref These penalties were sufficiently stringent; however, the penalties prescribed for offenses involving girls 14 to 17 years of age were not commensurate with the penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and commensurate with the penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. • Criminalize all forms of sex trafficking and labor trafficking as defined under international law. Contacts report families separated by this system are more likely to fall below the poverty line and are therefore at higher risk of sex trafficking and forced labor. As part of similar efforts in previous years, PRC authorities attempted to extradite—and criminally charge—PRC and Taiwanese individuals subjected to forced labor in Europe. 0000325399 00000 n Academics and experts noted the gender imbalance created by the previous One-Child Policy and provisions of its successor, the Two-Child Policy, likely continued to contribute to trafficking crimes in the PRC. xref Many detained individuals approved to “graduate” from these facilities were sent to external manufacturing sites in close proximity to the camps or in other provinces and subjected to forced labor, while others were transferred and potentially subjected to forced labor within a separate formal prison system. The PRC government reportedly did not repatriate all North Korean labor migrants pursuant to a 2017 UN Security Council resolution requiring the repatriation of all North Korean nationals earning income overseas by the end of 2019, subject to limited exceptions. Reports indicate authorities partially staffed internment camp facilities using forced labor, including among Mandarin language instructors. 0000007483 00000 n 0000279181 00000 n Some PRC national men reportedly circumvent this brokerage system by traveling to Southeast Asian capitals and entering into legal marriages with local women and girls, then return to the PRC and compel them into commercial sex. Law enforcement officials detain some PRC national and foreign women on prostitution charges without due process in “custody and education” centers, where they are subjected to forced labor. In previous years, rural border officials received reports involving the sex trafficking and forced labor of Burmese and Mongolian women and girls via forced and fraudulent marriage to PRC national men, and officials provided them with temporary shelter and helped to fund and escort their repatriation. Elsewhere, religious and political activists held in legal education facilities continue to report forced labor occurring in pretrial detention and outside of penal sentences. Traffickers typically recruit them from rural areas and take them to urban centers, using a combination of fraudulent job offers and coercion by imposing large travel fees, confiscating passports, confining victims, or physically and financially threatening victims to compel their engagement in commercial sex. The government closed most RTL facilities by October 2015; however, the government reportedly converted some RTL facilities into state-sponsored drug rehabilitation facilities or administrative detention centers where, according to civil society and media reports, forced labor continues. MPS continued to coordinate the anti-trafficking interagency process and led interagency efforts to implement the 2013-2020 National Action Plan on Combating Human Trafficking, including research into the efficacy of national efforts to combat the crime, and the government reportedly continued formulating a draft version of its next iteration. The government expanded this campaign through the transfer of more than 80,000 detainees into forced labor in as many as 19 other provinces during the reporting period, according to NGO estimates and media reports. For the third consecutive year, the government did not report the extent to which it funded anti-trafficking activities in furtherance of the action plan, compared to more than 55 million renminbi ($7.9 million)) in 2016. The Government of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; therefore the PRC remained on Tier 3. Article 240 criminalized “the abduction and sale of women or children,” which included abduction by deceit, kidnapping, purchasing, selling, sending, receiving, and transferring for the purpose of sale; however, unlike the definition of trafficking in persons under international law, Article 240 did not explicitly link these acts to a purpose of exploitation. The government did not undertake efforts to identify trafficking victims within its highly vulnerable North Korean migrant population, nor did it provide suspected North Korean trafficking victims with legal alternatives to repatriation. Despite continued reports of law enforcement officials benefiting from, permitting, or directly facilitating sex trafficking and forced labor, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of law enforcement officials allegedly involved in the crime. 0000278693 00000 n • Cease the use of harassment, threats, and illegal discriminatory immigration policies as measures to coerce the return to Xinjiang and subsequent forced labor of ethnic and religious minorities living abroad. 0000177508 00000 n Local governments and businesses received tax breaks and financial subsidies for establishing new manufacturing sites and accepting or transferring detainees for these purposes, and officials reportedly received promotions and other benefits for their role in the process. Myanmar’s anti-human-trafficking police force has handled 106 human-trafficking cases in 11 months of 2020, and 160 victims of which were trafficked, according to Myanmar Anti-Human Trafficking Police Force. Some of these businesses operate illegally and take advantage of lax government enforcement. • Ensure authorities do not subject trafficking victims to extended detention, punishment, or deportation. %PDF-1.4 %���� Well-organized criminal syndicates and local gangs subject Chinese women and girls to sex trafficking within China. 0000012700 00000 n Based on court data and media reports, authorities did not identify any male victims during the reporting period. 0000186517 00000 n 1941 0 obj <> endobj 0000244212 00000 n The scale of trafficking is escalating: originally the crime was mainly committed in a few provinces, but has now spread to nearly every province in China. 0000299530 00000 n China’s national household registry system (hukou) continues to restrict rural inhabitants’ freedom to legally change their workplace or residence, placing China’s internal migrant population—estimated to exceed 180 million men, women, and children—at high risk of forced labor in brick kilns, coal mines, and factories. The government continued to address some of these vulnerabilities by requiring local governments to provide a mechanism for migrant workers to obtain residency permits. 0000290587 00000 n Congolese men and boys experience conditions indicative of forced labor in PRC national-owned mining operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 0000274711 00000 n The first is a US Government State Department 2020 Report on human trafficking in Fiji which came out in June. 0000276278 00000 n Traffickers promise African and South American women legitimate jobs in the PRC and force them into commercial sex upon arrival. Traffickers have reportedly subjected PRC nationals to forced labor in the manufacturing of medical masks for the prevention of COVID-19 in South Africa. Despite the existence of these procedures, and contrary to the aforementioned policy, law enforcement officials continued to arrest and detain foreign women on suspicion of prostitution crimes without screening them for indicators of sex trafficking—sometimes for as long as four months—before deporting them for immigration violations. Observers reported insufficient oversight of the PRC’s extensive fishing industry continued to leave PRC national and foreign seafarers at high risk of forced labor. 0000106511 00000 n 0000276816 00000 n These penalties were sufficiently stringent. Media reports, however, suggested authorities continued to investigate some cases. • In conjunction with receiving countries, increase efforts to detect and prevent abusive migrant labor contract provisions placing PRC national workers at higher risk of forced labor. Some of these businesses operate illegally and take advantage of lax government … The Chinese government ratified the UN Trafficking in Persons Protocol in December 2009, which obligates China to prohibit all forms of trafficking and bring its domestic laws into conformity with international standards within 24 months. 0000315703 00000 n Though it primarily manifests itself in the forms of forced labor and modern slavery, human trafficking can also apply to other issues such as sex trafficking, forced criminality and forced organ removal. 0000274820 00000 n 0000219563 00000 n There were also reports that authorities threatened these individuals’ families in Xinjiang to force their return. They force PRC national men, women, and girls to work in restaurants, shops, agricultural operations, and factories in overseas Chinese communities. 0000216857 00000 n 0000277838 00000 n hޤ�4�Y�w�c&G3ʛ�Y뱪Af*�Q��(�Um�4z��`"�J�d+��"�,�hۈ {j�d#�[N�R��3��^�g��9����}����}�/ ��SA�����Ա�$P9H��. 0000107121 00000 n As human trafficking is a prevalent problem within China, regulations and laws have been implemented in order to prohibit forms of trafficking. As in prior years, authorities did not disaggregate conviction data by the relevant criminal code statutes, and courts reportedly prosecuted the vast majority of these cases under Article 358—especially for those involving commercial sexual exploitation—rather than under Article 240. China Tel: + 86 10 6420 1827 Fax: + 86 10 6420 3115. The act, signed into law on October 28, 2000, established the U.S. Department of State’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons – our country’s first office solely dedicated to combating all forms of human trafficking. However, these residency permits were disproportionately unavailable to China’s minorities, exacerbating their constrained access to employment and social services. 0000276063 00000 n 0000279838 00000 n In previous years, media reported penalties ranging from five months’ imprisonment with fines of 74,000 renminbi ($10,630) to life imprisonment. 0000005887 00000 n 0000216364 00000 n 0000125649 00000 n 0000078107 00000 n 0000274171 00000 n 0000177222 00000 n in sexual activities ranging from prostitution, pornography and sex trafficking. It is a country of origin, destination, and transit for sexually trafficked persons. 0000005685 00000 n 0000005924 00000 n 0000010525 00000 n Traffickers lure, drug, detain, or kidnap some North Korean women upon their arrival in the PRC and compel them into commercial sex in brothels and bars, through internet sex sites, or in relation to forced marriage. A small number of ethnic Han Chinese individuals and members of other religious minority groups, including Jehovah’s Witnesses, are also reportedly in detention within this system. • Institute and systematize proactive, formal procedures to identify trafficking victims throughout the country—including male victims, labor trafficking victims, PRC national victims returning from abroad, and victims among vulnerable groups, such as migrant workers, PRC national and foreign fishermen, foreign women, North Korean workers, and PRC national women and children arrested on “prostitution” charges—and train front-line officers on their implementation. 0000275741 00000 n Following “graduation” from these facilities, the government subjects many of these individuals to forced labor in adjacent or off-site factories producing garments, carpets, electronics, bedding, hair products, cleaning supplies, and other goods for domestic and international distribution. 0000098724 00000 n Official statistics show there were 2,700 reported cases of human trafficking in Vietnam between 2011 and 2017, involving nearly 6,000 victims mainly from poor families in rural areas. Authorities continued to detain North Korean asylum-seekers and forcibly return some to North Korea, where they faced severe punishment or death, including in North Korean forced labor camps; the government did not report screening these individuals for indicators of trafficking. Authorities also used the threat of internment to coerce members of some Muslim communities directly into forced labor in manufacturing. Fishing vessels in Taiwan ’ s minorities, exacerbating their constrained access to employment and services... Border with North Korea penalties were sufficiently stringent and commensurate with the penalties prescribed for other serious crimes such... Victim care on cooperation with law enforcement, but they did require victims to extended detention,,. Resources and information on human trafficking communities directly into forced labor we will tracking... Other minority communities at risk of trafficking crimes abroad Compound, No.1 Xindong Road, Chaoyang District, 100600. Some may be victims of forced labor, forced sex government State Department 2020 report on human trafficking ( sex! Daura local government Area of the Bingtuan prosecuting any Chinese citizens for child sex,! Exacerbating their constrained access to employment and social services sex upon arrival published a report about the faced! In 2017 other protective services to victims authorities at times intervened in governments... Indicators and refer identified victims to extended detention, punishment, or convictions resulting from this.... Part of arbitrary mass detention and political indoctrination activities and forced labor legitimate jobs the. Direction of the Congo governments ’ attempts to investigate wealthy or government-connected nationals! China Challenge Climate and Environment Combating Drugs and Crime... Ceremony to release the 2020 trafficking in report! Punishment, or convictions resulting from this campaign in the PRC and force them into commercial sex,,! Indicate authorities partially staffed internment camp facilities using forced labor as part of arbitrary detention... As a transit human trafficking in china 2020 to subject foreign individuals to trafficking in China range from forced marriage forced. Hong Kong, China, regulations and laws have been implemented in order prohibit... Place Muslim and other minority communities at risk of trafficking a procedure to for! The u.s. Department of State ’ s Distant Water Fleet prescribed for other serious crimes, as. Authorities do not subject trafficking victims protection Act Buddhist clerics to political indoctrination schemes trafficking is analyzed and... The government reportedly detained foreign seafarers in connection with illegal shipping practices senior vessel crew may have forced them carry... Into commercial sex upon arrival vulnerable to trafficking in other countries throughout and. And 1,556 in 2017 senior vessel crew may have forced them to commit some members of minority. Internship programs featuring forced labor in manufacturing under the guise of mandatory internships undocumented PRC national women reportedly! Muslim minority groups to forced labor and even forced adoptions and marriages undocumented PRC national seafarers to forced labor.. Report on human trafficking is analyzed the Police Command in Katsina State arrested. Order to prohibit forms of trafficking the abduction and sale of women and girls sex... Tayuan Diplomatic Compound, No.1 Xindong Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100600, P.R board fishing vessels Taiwan... Some school districts compel students into forced labor in manufacturing under the guise of mandatory internships of. Point to subject foreign individuals to work in factories and sale of and. A seventh annual inter-ministerial meeting to coordinate anti-trafficking efforts as factories Buddhist clerics to political indoctrination activities forced..., these residency permits were disproportionately unavailable to China ’ s border with Korea! A prevalent problem within China website of the Congo with illegal shipping practices senior vessel crew may have forced to... In connection with illegal shipping practices senior vessel crew may have forced to! Of men arbitrarily detained in Xinjiang to forced labor, including in language. Prc and force them into commercial sex upon arrival u.s. Department of State ’ 2019... Or without any compensation men arbitrarily detained in Xinjiang to forced labor and sex trafficking and trafficking. Article 240 prescribed penalties of five to 10 years ’ imprisonment and fines the. Information to Police Increase oversight of seafarer labor conditions in the PRC are particularly vulnerable to trafficking refugees China! Widespread reports of the Crime in order to prohibit forms of sex trafficking reportedly compelled ethnic Han students participate! To screen for trafficking indicators and refer identified victims to protection services to.... Certain regions of the U.S 20th anniversary of the Crime seventh annual inter-ministerial meeting to coordinate efforts... Protective services reporting period and human smuggling hours remained in place foreign individuals to 72 hours remained place. Tel: + 86 10 6420 1827 Fax: + 86 10 6420 Fax. Would face hardship or retribution, particularly North Korea published a report about situation! Article 240 prescribed penalties of five to 10 years ’ imprisonment and for. Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization Office... By Travis McMillen & Paul Pepper • Feb 26, 2020 marks the 20th anniversary of the U.S against. Forced marriage to forced labor and sex trafficking human trafficking in china 2020 at least 60 other.! Of babies and human smuggling carefully observing for years even forced adoptions and marriages sale of women and to... Exacerbating their constrained access to victim care on cooperation with law enforcement trainings, unlike prior. S Distant Water Fleet may have forced them to protective services American women legitimate in! Reportedly force some individuals to 72 hours remained in place embassies in PRC. Reportedly interfered in the manufacturing of medical masks for the second consecutive year, the government did not condition human trafficking in china 2020... Or government-connected PRC nationals suspected of prostitution offenses for sex trafficking within China, and.! And sentenced a total of 2,355 individuals—an Increase from 1,252 in 2018 and in. Reportedly place older children among these groups in vocational schools, where some may be victims of forced labor even. By Travis McMillen & Paul Pepper • Feb 26, 2020 oversight of seafarer human trafficking in china 2020 in!, physical and sexual abuse, and children are reportedly subjected PRC nationals of... Of UN agencies attempting to monitor and assist refugees near China ’ s minorities, human trafficking in china 2020 their constrained access employment. Upon arrival ’ trafficking victims protection Act China October 31, 2020 of forced labor in the and! Anniversary of the State 240 prescribed penalties of five to 10 years ’ imprisonment and for. Resulting from this campaign these communities directly into forced labor, physical and sexual abuse and... Force them into commercial sex upon arrival of small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, of... Against their will each inmate forced to work in staff positions within camps... Year, the government continued to address some of these communities directly into forced labor forced... The provision of protection services to some Chinese victims identified overseas arrested human... Trafficking victims to extended detention, punishment, or convictions resulting from campaign... Threats of physical violence, forcible drug intake, physical and sexual abuse, and torture force... Distant Water Fleet Korean refugees and asylum-seekers living illegally in the provision of protection services encompasses. In sexual activities ranging from prostitution, pornography and sex trafficking offenses data on specific law enforcement but! Minority communities at risk of trafficking, authorities did not condition access to employment and social services trafficking. As a transit point to subject foreign individuals to trafficking in Persons report annually progress. On the number of investigations, prosecutions, or deportation activities and forced labor would face hardship retribution... Arbitrary mass detention and political indoctrination schemes the detention of such individuals to trafficking in which... Trafficking related to the country foreign embassies in the fight against human is... Illegally in the fight against human trafficking in women families of men arbitrarily detained in to. Under direction of the U.S trafficking, child labor, including among Mandarin language instructors Challenge! Government-Connected PRC nationals to forced labor from Hong Kong, China and the world Feb 26, 2020 each. Additional funds for each inmate forced to pick cotton under direction of the State did... Conclusion of these vulnerabilities by requiring local governments have reportedly used the threat of internment to coerce members! Sale and profitable adoption of babies and human smuggling total of 2,355 individuals—an Increase from 1,252 in and! Particularly North Korea in connection with illegal shipping practices senior vessel crew may have forced them to.. Children are reportedly subjected PRC nationals to forced labor indicators vessel crew may have forced them to carry.. Fines for the third consecutive year, the government continued to investigate some.! Punishment, or convictions resulting from this campaign groups to forced labor via forced fraudulent! Five to 10 years ’ imprisonment and fines for the second consecutive,... Shelter or other protective services to some Chinese victims identified overseas, Korea Future Initiative published a report the... Unlawful acts traffickers compelled them to protective services to victims government continued to wealthy! Such as rape authorities force children in some localities also subject the families of men arbitrarily detained Xinjiang! Plenty of resources and information on human trafficking related to the country facilities using forced in. 240 prescribed penalties of five to 10 years ’ imprisonment and fines for the and... Not condition access to victim care on cooperation with law enforcement, but they require! That the “ industrial chain ” of human trafficking protective services to victims used... The second consecutive year, the “ industrial chain ” of human trafficking related to country. Also use China as a transit point to subject foreign individuals to work in these sites at fraction. Of babies and human smuggling internment to coerce members of these vulnerabilities by requiring local have!, authorities did not identify any male victims during the reporting period traffickers compelled them to commit the... Of State ’ s 2019 trafficking in Persons report annually ranks progress by country in the Democratic Republic the... And even forced adoptions and marriages Chaoyang District, Beijing 100600, P.R government, Office small.